Agriculture’s Future and Emerging Trends in India
India is an agricultural nation where more than half the population is involved directly or indirectly in agriculture. It’s the most important sector and is said to be the backbone of our country. Hence, the Indian government, researchers and farmers take many steps for the growth of this sector. As a result, we see emerging trends that are helping to boost the growth of agriculture.
Padcorp, the manufacturer of agriculture tools and equipment keep an eye on these trends and would like to make our small farmers aware of these trends. In this blog, we are listing the top 5 emerging trends in agriculture in India.
Emerging trends in India
Increasing the production of food grains:
India saw a rapid growth in agriculture after 1960 due to the introduction of the green revolution. During the 1970s, there was an annual growth rate of 2.08% and 3.5% in the 1980s. This growth rate in food grain made India self-sufficient in fulfilling the demands of the food grains of its large population and also became a marginal exporter.
The total food production during 1990-91 was 176.39 million tonnes and reached 233.9 million tonnes in 2008-09. With the increasing population and income, there is a rise in demand for food grains in the near future. To fulfil the increasing demand for food grain of 2.6%, a 4% growth rate in agricultural production is essential to meet its domestic needs as well as could export to the foreign countries.
In recent years, there is a growing trend of agricultural diversification. It’s diversified to produce commercial and horticultural crops. Among many, it includes fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, flowers, orchids, dairy products, animal husbandry, etc.
Thus, it’s not only completing the demands for food grain but also fulfilling the other developmental needs. Economic liberalization has created ample opportunities for the growth of the agricultural sector.
Due to the liberalization, all the restrictions on the movement of agricultural products have been abolished. This is one of the most important reasons for the expansion of trade in agricultural products such as food grains.
Food items such as fruits, vegetables, milk, etc. that are perishable, cause a huge loss every year. To avoid such loss, the National Horticulture Board provides the necessary infrastructure for the packaging, storing and transporting of horticultural products.
The food processing industry is providing employment. The improvement in agricultural productivity also increases the prospects of agricultural exports. The government is supporting the industry by exempting it from excise duty.
Use of new biological techniques in agriculture:
Green Revolution was meant to increase crop productivity. These encouraged farmers to use chemical fertilizers and pesticides to meet the ever-growing demand for food requirements. The increase in population, the ever-increasing demand for food, exploitation of natural resources has adversely affected our environment.
To tackle the problem, new biological technology and organic technology are being employed in agriculture.
These are some of the emerging trends in Indian agriculture and they are shaping the future of this major economic sector o India. These trends are opening new areas for research, employment, industries. Agriculture is becoming digitalised. New technologies such as drones, IoT and satellites are being used to get data related to soil health, crop area and yield. These trends are not only benefit big farmers but also small farmers. This has also led to the growth in the production of agriculture equipment and tools that are helping farmers at large. We can thus, foresee a bright future of agriculture and its related sector in India.
Thus, having gone through this blog, we can see how these trends are helping to reshape the agricultural sector in India. Padcorp of Pune with its mission to help small farmers of India manufactures tools and equipment that are efficient, durable and cost-effective. Since 1960, it’s working hard and introducing improved products or new products. So, if you’re looking for some agricultural tools or equipment, Padgilwar Corporation is a one-stop-destination. For more details, contact us.